CC& Envi Knowledge Products

Agreement for Climate Transformation 2015 (ACT 2015)

World Resources Institute: "The Agreement for Climate Transformation 2015 (ACT 2015) initiative is a consortium of the world’s top climate experts from developing and developed countries that has joined together to catalyze discussion and build momentum toward reaching a global climate agreement at the  UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) summit in December 2015 in Paris."

The research and writing of the following working papers were led by the ASoG - ACT 2015 team.

The 2015 Climate Agreement: Concepts and Consideraions on its Legal Architecture
[Working Paper by La Vina & Guiao]

 ACT 2015 Legal Architecture Working Paper |  Original Download Link: WRI / ACT 2015 / Publication

Getting Specific on the 2015 Climate Change Agreement: Suggestions for the Legal Text with an Explanatory Memorandium [Working Paper by Oberthur, La Vina, Morgan]

 ACT 2015 Legal Suggestions Working Paper  | Original Download Link: WRI / ACT 2015 / Publication

Please visit WRI's ACT 2015 site for related publications:

Contributions to the International Politics and Policy Initiative (IPPI)

The Paris Agreement: Points on its Legally Binding Nature

 Paris Agreement - Legally Binding Nature

A Quick Look: The Paris Agreement 

 Paris Agreement - A Quick Look

Lawyers for Community Tenure (LCT)

Land and Land Rights in the Paris Agreement Outcomes from COP 21 [January 2016]

Dr. Antonio “Tony” La Vina of the Ateneo School of Government reflects on the outcome of the UNFCCC COP 21 and its implications on land and land rights. He writes on how the Paris Agreement is a good start and how it can be cited as persuasive to support calls for promoting and securing community tenure over lands and natural resources.

 Land and Land Rights in the Paris Agreement Outcomes from COP21

Joint Opinion Brief: World Bank Safeguards & Community Tenure [December 2015]

In July 2015, the Bank released a revised draft of its Environmental and Social Safeguards after a second phase of consultations. It has hailed this process as the “most extensive consultation” that it has ever done, involving Borrower countries, Indigenous Peoples, topical experts and other development partners. This brief was released at the 21st UNFCCC COP in Paris France in December 2015 as a follow-up to LCT’s Joint Opinion on Community Tenure, Climate Change and the World Bank Safeguards, released in December 2014 for the 20th UNFCCC COP in Lima, Peru.

 Follow-up Joint Opinion Brief: World Bank Safeguards & Community Tenure

Community Tenure and the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals [October 2015]

This Joint Opinion underscores that secure tenure for Indigenous Peoples and local communities is vital to achieve the transformation envisioned by the Sustainable Development Goals for the next 30 years.

 Community Tenure and the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals

Joint Opiniono Brief: Community Tenure, Climate Change, and The World Bank Safeguards[November 2014]

This brief is being released at the 19th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Lima, Peru to highlight the critical nexus between the issues faced by Indigenous Peoples and local communities in securing tenure over forestlands, and the increase in carbon dioxide emissions from deforestation, and forest degradation and land conversion for large scale agriculture, mining and other extractive industries.

 Community Tenure, Climate Change, and The World Bank Safeguards

You may visit to learn more about the LCT legal reference group.

REDD-Plus Safeguards Working Group

Back to Basics

The UNFCCC can and must redeem itself at COP19 in Warsaw and agree on clear policy guidance on safeguards and results-based finance that will provide security for indigenous peoples and local communities as well as for investors.

 Back to Basics on REDD+ Safeguards and Finance

Moving REDD+ Beyond Carbon

Incentivizing NCBs will be critical to the long-term sustainability of REDD-plus. A financial incentive structure solely based on emissions reductions will be insufficient to deliver results.

 Moving RDD+ Beyond Carbon Non-Carbon Benifits at Cop 19 and Beyond

No Safeguards, No Result, No Finance

Effective implementation of safeguards is essential for achieving lasting results and creating the enabling environment necessary to attract and sustain long-term finance.

 No Safeguard, No Result, No Finance

Non-Carbon Benefits in REDD+: Providing Incentives And Addressing Methodological Issues

In order to access results-based finance, REDD+ countries must have an Safeguards Information System (SIS) in place that can monitor and demonstrate that they have “addressed and respected” the safeguards, which includes NCBs. As such, SIS will be well-placed to serve as a basis for assessing NCBs and integrating them into results-based payments.

 Non-Carbon Benefits in REDD+ Providing Incentives and Addressing Methodological Issues

Reccomendations to SBSTA on SIS

Recalling that Parties agreed in Durban that an Safeguards Information System (SIS) should be in place in order to access results-based finance, and considering the need to expedite this process to enable full implementation, we recommend that information on safeguards implementation be provided by December 2014 either as part of the first biennial update report or as a separate interim report, and that subsequent information be submitted through biennial update reports and national communications.

 Recommendations to SBSTA on Safeguards Information Systems

REDD+Finance and Safeguards

Transparent national systems to implement, monitor and report on REDD+ safeguards and demonstrate that they are being addressed and respected throughout REDD+ implementation are essential to reduce risk, provide confidence to investors and ensure sustainable outcomes.

 IGES JCM Capacity Building in the Philippines for FY2014

IGES JCM Capacity Building

The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) has been supporting capacity building activities in the Philippines since 2003. For the fiscal year 2014-2015, IGES will focus on the promotion of the Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM) being proposed by the government of Japan.

 Project Brief
 Report Summary