In 1582 Domingo de Salazar, the first bishop of the Philippines, alarmed by reports from Filipinos themselves on the abuses they were suffering at the hands of Spanish officials and soldiers, convoked what has come to be known as the first Synod of Manila. The assembly identified all the different ways Filipinos were being oppressed and determined the cases in which restitution had to be made and how much. All this was set down in a handbook for confessors.
Published in 2014. Winner, 2015 National Book Awards for Translation and Design (for Karl Castro).