Minor in Development and the Law

The process of development is intimately intertwined with the intricacies of law. Modern social institutions are expected to operate and be constrained within the bounds of what is considered legal. In a globalized world, the pertinence of law in development is continuously seen on the level of the nation-state but is increasingly extending towards international institutions. Institutions such as the United Nations and ASEAN are playing larger roles in managing international and regional affairs. A similar process can be seen with the continued pertinence of international financial institutions and the emergence of global social movements. All of these operate within a continuously evolving legal framework.

Alongside this process, local governance is becoming an increasingly complex sphere because of participatory innovations on the ground as well as the emergence of global cities. While there are positive developments, legal constraints may also slow down relevant and timely innovations by local government units in areas such as procurement, urban planning, and disaster and risk reduction. In other words, the relationship between law and development has not only expanded but also taken on more complex forms.

In recognition of these realities, the Development Studies Program seeks to establish a Minor in Law and Development. The proposed minor will ground the students on the relationship between the law and various areas of development such as social and environmental legislation, law and macroeconomic stability, human rights and humanitarian action.

The Minor builds on the existing expertise of the Program in humanitarian action, health and development, development theory, and development management. These are fields in which civil society actors have taken a lead role. By offering this Minor, the Program will begin to critically approach the state and its legal role in fostering development.

The Minor is mounted for students interested in potential careers in law, policy, politics, and research. Its critical assessment of the legal process will also be useful for those who intend to pursue development work.
By the end of this minor, the students are expected to:

  • Discuss the relationship of law and development using different frameworks;

  • Assess the impact of legal measures on various development concerns; and

  • Acquire practical skills in navigating legal system 


1. Any of the following (3 units):
DEV 100.1 Perspectives in Development: Economics or
DEV 100.2 Perspectives in Development: Politics or
DEV 100.3 Perspectives in Development: Sociology

2. DEV 100.5i Survey of Social Development Approaches (3 units) - Offered every second semester

3. DEV 186.56 Legal Issues in Development (3 units) - Offered every first semester

4-6. ELECTIVES ( 9 units)
DEV 109 Institutions and Development
DEV 181.3 International Framework and Pracices
DEV 181.4i Human Rights and Development
DEV 183.14 Alternative Dispute Resolution Processes
DEV 186.14 Local Government
DEV 186.83 Bureacracy, Public Policy and Development
DEV 186.48 Development Policy

DEV 189.5 Corruption and Development
DEV 189.8 The Political Economy of Health and Development
DEV 189.83i Survey of Public Health Interventiions
CSP 32 Government and Politics of China
ECON 185.60 Environmental Policy
ECON 185.69i Law, Economics, and Public Policy

ENVI 170i Environmental Law and Policy
JPN 141 Government and Politics of Japan
LLAW 116 Labor Law and Social Legislation
POLSC 112 Politics and Governance of Southeast Asia
POLSC 121 Public Policy
POLSC 131.40 The State and Economic Development: East and Southeast Asia
POLSC 134.10 International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution
SEAS 103i Comparative ASEAN Health Policies
And other courses for approval of the Director of the Development Studies Program

The minor is open to all students of the Loyola Schools including those enrolled in Development Studies. AB DS students will take it as a Specialization.

There is no academic requirement for admission.

Minimum grade of C in each of the courses taken as part of the minor.


Please note that among LS guidelines covering Minor Programs are the following:

Number of Units Leading to a Minor or Specialization
1. A program leading to a Minor requires between 12 and 18 units in the field of minor study, provided no more than 6 units are within the student’s regular program of study (i.e., the core and major curricula).  Free electives may be used to count towards the Minor. For programs without free electives, two  Interdisciplinary Electives can count towards the Minor in addition to the 6 units mentioned above.

2. A Specialization requires at least 12 units in the focused area of study within the major field. The Loyola Schools core and required major courses as specified in the curriculum of a major program shall not be counted. Major electives (including the Interdisciplinary Elective-Major) and Free Electives may be used to qualify for the Specialization.

3. At least twelve (12) units leading to the Minor/Specialization must be completed in residence at the ADMU Loyola Schools. These twelve units are inclusive of the six (6) units that may be taken from the student’s regular program of study as specified in Items 1 and 2 above.

4. Double counting of courses between two Minors/Specializations is not allowed (i.e., a required/elective course for one Minor/ Specialization may not be counted towards the completion of another Minor/Specialization). In the event that the same course is required by a student’s second Minor Program, the student must take an additional course to replace that required course.