Publications

2017

Review: State, Society and Information Technology in Asia: Alterity between Online and Offline Politics

By Saloma-Akpedonu, Czarina

Saloma, Czarina. 2017. Review:  State, Society and Information Technology in Asia: Alterity between Online and Offline Politics. Alan Chong and Faizal Bin Yahya (eds.). International Journal of Asian Studies. 14: 2, 211-213. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1479591417000122

Determining the suitability of gold bulking villages articulated to the Lepanto gold district of Northwestern Luzon with the aid of WorldView2 satellite imagery

By Canilao, Michael Armand P.

Abstract:

This paper presents a suitability model of bulking villages in the Lepanto gold district using the weighted overlay technique. An as an alternative to more environment-deterministic modelling in GIS, an attempt is made to use a hybrid of both environmental variables with social variables. The resulting raster model was then overlain on image enhanced WorldView2 scenes to remote sense high probability sites for bulking villages. Two known sites were also tested if their locations conformed to the gold bulking model. Danac site was more conducive to accommodate transshipment of bulkier loads while the Apaya site was more conducive to spotting ship arrivals on the coast. The variation is arguably connected to the latitude of agency of the upland gold miners vis a vis the lowland coastal polities.

2017   Determining the suitability of gold bulking villages articulated to the Lepanto gold district of Northwestern Luzon with the aid of WorldView2 satellite imagery in Journal of Archaeological Science- Reports 14: 620-637

Uncovering Changing Prescriptions and Practices Around Organic Agriculture in Metro Manila, the Philippines

By Saloma-Akpedonu, Czarina

Through the lens of social practice theories, we consider the emergence of organic food in the Philippines and relate this to sustainable food production and consumption. In particular, we analyze the various practices of groups engaged in “organic” food production and consumption in the capital region, Metro Manila—in a country that has a vibrant organic agriculture movement and which has recently introduced a national law promoting organic food. Using qualitative data, we assess the development of new prescriptions or guidelines and the tensions that arise between prescriptions and public policies. We argue that, as people take on new competencies and meanings in relation to organic produce, social inequalities among consumers are highlighted, affecting the trajectories of organic food.

KEYWORDS: Metro Manilaorganic foodprescriptionssocial practicesthe Philippines

Weight of Evidence Geospatial Analysis and Potential Locations of Ancient Gold Mining Settlements in Benguet in the 16th and 18th Centuries

By Canilao, Michael Armand P.

Abstract:

Using the Weight of Evidence method in the analysis of geographic patterns, this paper sought to identify areas with high probability for being ancient settlement locations of small- scale subsistence gold miners in Benguet Province of Northwestern Luzon between the 16th to the 18th centuries. The training points used in this project include 24 known ancient village locations that are based on Spanish missionary accounts in the 18th century. The evidential themes that were used include: 1) distance from gold placer mines, 2) Slope class, and 3) Land-use class. Incidentally, the distance to placer mines is the same as distance to fresh water source for habitation purposes. The resulting response theme or unique conditions map shows areas that may potentially contain archaeological sites. The final map shows areas where there is a high probability of encountering an archaeological site.

2017   Weight of Evidence Geospatial Analysis and Potential Locations of Ancient Gold Mining Settlements in Benguet in the 16th and 18th Centuries in Philippine Journal of Science 146(2): 187-192

WorldView2 satellite imagery in remote sensing a past gold trading trail in Luzon: testing Ethnohistory-based and GIS- based models

By Canilao, Michael Armand P.

Abstract:

This article examines the application of image enhancement techniques on high resolution and multi-spectral WorldView 2 satellite images in aid of remote sensing a past gold trading trail in Northwestern Luzon that was used from the PreSpanish Contact Period 10th to 16th c and the Spanish Contact Period (17th to 19th c). In delineating the corridor for the research, several ethnohistorical accounts were followed as interlocutors. The article posits that segments of the Aringay-Tonglo-Balatok gold trail are still visible on the landscape while other segments may have been converted to contemporary farm-to-market roads. Identification of the segments was made possible by application of image enhancement techniques on WorldView2 satellite imagery including resolution merge using Brovey transform, unsupervised classification using a fusion of built-up index and vegetation index. Satellite band combination for mining operations (yellow-NIR1-red edge), modified false color Infrared (NIR1-green-blue), and soils and constructions (red-blue-yellow) have also been of immense utility.

2017   WorldView2 satellite imagery in remote sensing a past gold trading trail in Luzon: testing Ethnohistory-based and GIS- based models, in Journal of Archaeological Science- Reports 12C: 363-377

Predictive Model of the Balatok- Tonglo- Aringay Gold Trade Trail in Southwestern Cordillera [Research Note]

By Canilao, Michael Armand P.

Abstract:

Using the Least Cost Path method in raster GIS analysis, a predictive model was created to estimate the location of an ancient gold trail connecting the Balatok/ Acupan mines with Tonglo gold bulking center and Aringay coastal settlement within Benguet and La Union Provinces. To derive the model, ASTER global digital elevation model was used in tandem with WorldView2 multispectral and high resolution imagery. The paper shows that GIS and Remote Sensing methods immensely aid in delimiting the research study area in the search for trails thereby resulting to efficient targeting of time and resources for second order excavations.

2017   Predictive Model of the Balatok- Tonglo- Aringay Gold Trade Trail in Southwestern Cordillera [Research Note], in Philippine Journal of Science 146(1): 81-84

Shakespeare as Cultural Capital: Its Rise, Fall and Renaissance in Elite Education

By Abad, Ricardo G.

Abstract

This essay traces the ways Shakespeare has been shaped in the theater history of a private elite university in the Philippines – and more broadly in the Philippine theater scene -- and how this shaping process, lasting for over a century now, has largely imprisoned Shakespeare, so to speak, within academic walls. Seeing Shakespeare productions as a form of cultural capital, the essay documents how this capital has been formed, sustained, threatened, altered, and restored over time. Locked as part of the academic curriculum, Shakespeare as cultural capital remains confined to schools, with only a few resource-rich universities like the Ateneo de Manila University equipped to mount full-scale Shakespearean productions. And while Shakespeare has also appeared in the repertoire of professional companies, the audiences, by and large, have been students. The Filipinization movement in the 1970s and the 1980s led to an abstinence of Shakespearean productions in English, but as cultural capital, Shakespeare proved resilient enough to resurface on stage in Filipino and on occasion, in other Philippine languages. The linguistic shift did not alter, however, Shakespeare as a form of cultural capital for the educated elite. For this elite, Shakespeare in Filipino or English remains a mark of academic distinction and a resource of symbolic power.

Available at: 

https://www.academia.edu/34820190/SHAKESPEARE_AS_CULTURAL_CAPITAL_Its_Ri...

Theatre and Nation in Contemporary Malaysia: The Work of the Five Arts Centre

By Abad, Ricardo G.

Abstract

How does theatre interrogate a nation that preaches racial harmony on one hand yet practices racial inequality on the other? Focusing on the work of the Five Arts Centre, an artistic company in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, this paper finds that this engagement takes place on the symbolic plane where theatre offers its audiences with alternative scenarios of a pluralistic Malaysia as a means to destabilize the state’s policies on racial privileging and political suppression – and without being banned. To do so, however, requires a collective that commits itself to a frame of action that fuses the artistic and the political, and an organization that is able to acquire and mobilize enough social, cultural and political capital to sustain its creative energies. Such is the work of a cultural movement.

Avaialble at: 

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/272336520_Theater_and_Nation_in...